Corentium Digital Radon Monitor gives you the possibility to read the average radon value for 1 day, for 7 days, and accumulative for the last year. Being battery powered, the radon monitor can easily be moved around the building, in order to get the full overview of the radon in the home, the workplace, the school or in the kindergarten. Compared to traditional radon technology,
Corentium Radon Monitor makes it much easier to locate the radon entry in the buildings. If the radon level is above the national action level, you can easily read the effect of simple mitigation measures, before you may have to consider more comprehensive mitigation actions by professionals.
Free shipping in Canada, by CanadaPost Expedited Parcel with tracking and signature.
Radon Sampling Method: Passive radon diffusion chamber
Radon Detection Method: Alpha spectrometry using digital detector technology.
Precision (at 100Bq/m³)
Short term (7 days): 20% after 1 week
Long term: 10% after 1 month
Accuracy: < 5% ± 5 Bq/m3
Power Supply: 3 AAA alkaline battery (3 years battery life-time)
Power Consumption: < 250mW
Dimensions: 120mm × 69mm × 22.5mm
Weight: 130 grams (incl. batteries)
Temperature: 0 °C to +40 °C
Relative Humidity < 95%
0 Bq/m³ (lower detection limit)
9999 Bq/m³ (upper display limit)
Radon monitors should preferably undergo international comparative tests, in order to compare against other technologies and producers. Since there are so few similar digital radon monitors in the marked, the Corentium monitor has so far only been able to be tested against traditional alpha track detectors.
The Corentium radon monitor (named ‘Canary’ in the European market) was in July 2011 tested at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) in Japan. NIRS has calibrated laboratories, and are certified to conduct such tests. The methodology used is that we send a number of monitors to the laboratory; they conduct a test at (for us) an unknown radon level (blind test), and return the monitors to us. We then report our results to them, before they present the correct values, i.e. their measured results. For alpha track detectors, typically 70% of the participants have a result within +-20% of the reference value. This implies that measuring with an alpha track radon detector in a room with exactly 100 Bq/m3 over a two months period, the measurements done in that room with an alpha track detector from a random supplier will show values from 60 Bq/m3 up to 140 Bq/m3 with 95% probabilityIn the test at NIRS, Corentium had a deviation of 3% of the NIRS reference value. Since the reference value has an uncertainty of 6%, the Canary is thus well within the NIRS laboratory measurement uncertainty.
This means that for a 2 month measurement period at 100 Bq/m3 – as discussed above regarding the alpha track detector – one can expect that a random Corentium monitor shows between 90Bq/m3 and 110Bq/m3.
In September 2012 Corentium radon detector was tested in the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (Bfs) in Germany. 21 monitors were tested against reference monitors, and all were statistically measured to be within the laboratories own measurement uncertainty – which is 7%.
In June 2013 the Corentium was again tested at BfS. 6 monitors were exposed for 1100 h*kBq/m3 and showed an average of 3.6% below the BfS reference value.
Corentium was in 2013 tested at IRSN (Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire) in France. The test was conducted over 3 months at a radon level of 170 Bq/m3. The average for the 20 tested devices was 167 Bq/m3.
Corentium radon monitor has also been tested in calibrated radon laboratories in the Czech Republic. These tests verify that Corentium shows the same radon values irrespective of any changes in temperature, humidity, aerosols (dust particles in the air) and electromagnetic fields. This is in contrast to many monitors that are sensitive, and will typically show wrong results when these parameters change..
Radon monitoring now is taking a permanent step into the digital age – also for the home owner. It has become much easier to diagnose the health of buildings when it comes to radon radiation. Radon measurement procedures have become much easier, more flexible, and more accurate.
The use of Corentium does not require any knowledge about the monitor technology. For those eager to have more insight into the world of digital radon measurement, we will go into more detail here:
A Corentium can be compared to a digital version of a traditional alpha track detector. The detection of radon is based on the principle that radon gas diffuses into a detection chamber. When the radon atoms decay they emit energetic alpha particles. The alpha particles are detected by a silicon photo diode. Every alpha particle generates a small signal current when it hits the photo diode. By the use of a low-power amplifier stage the signal current is converted into a larger voltage signal. The maximum amplitude of the voltage signal is detected and sampled by an analog to digital converter (ADC). The amplitude is proportional to the energy of the alpha particle that hit the photo diode. The brain of the monitor is a micro-controller that registers the time and energy of every detected particle. This information is used to calculate the mean radon gas concentration for daily, weekly and yearly periods. This is all realized in electronic circuitry that in total only consumes a few microwatts of power, making the Corentium able to operate for almost 3 years on a single set of small AAA alkaline batteries.
The calculation of radon gas concentration is complex since there are multiple error sources that have to be considered. When radon decays, several radioactive so-called daughters are produced – most notably Polonium-218 and Polonium-214, – which themselves emit alpha particles like radon does. These alpha particles could be mistaken for alpha particles from radon and give a false radon gas reading, but Corentium uses algorithms that are able to distinguish between the various alpha sources. The main input to these algorithms is the alpha particle energy in combination with the knowledge of the energy spectrum of radon and polonium isotopes. The Corentium has a very good energy measurement resolution, which is required when using such algorithms.
Accuracy and precision
The Corentium is not constructed to give instantaneous measurement results of the radon gas concentration, but rather averages over time. The reason is that instantaneous values are of little importance, since radon can vary a lot over a short time span, and since the health effect is linked to the average exposure over time. This is the reason why the three values that the Corentium presents are referred to as ‘averages’. The only difference in these three averages is the time span over which the averaging takes place. The day average (1 day) is taken over the last 24 hours, the week average (7 day) over the last 7 days and the long term average for the duration since the Corentium was first started (or last RESET). If the total measurement period is more than one year, the long term measurement is the average over the last year only.
The Corentium performs several levels of calibration. The first calibration takes place during the first 3 minutes after the batteries are inserted. After the Corentium has been running for several days it will ‘learn’ the local conditions and measurement accuracy will improve over time. As an example, the daily averages presented will be more precise after some weeks than during the first few days. The reason is that measurements are affected by aerosols and trace gases in the air, which are typically ‘stable’ for each house/environment and changes little over time, allowing the Corentium to ‘learn’ the local conditions. When the Corentium is first started there is no history for the current location, and the display shows a value of 0 Bq/m3 (15 Bq/m3 in the first sold version of the Corentium). As an example, if the unit is placed in a room with exactly 100 Bq/m3, one will see the measurement slowly ramp up from 0 (15 Bq/m3 in the first sold version of the Corentium) to 100 Bq/m3 during the first 24 hours. As mentioned earlier, the unit does not measure an instantaneous radon gas concentration, but rather an average over a time interval. Therefore, it is of little value to read the unit in the first few hours after it was first started – one should give it at least 24 hours. Before that, the values are likely to be an underestimation of the real value. However, in the case where a room has a very high radon gas concentration – say 1000 Bq/m3 as an example – even the underestimation you get after a few hours will give a hint that the unit may reach high values by the end of the first day.
There is a similar situation related to the weekly average. Until the Corentium has been measuring a full week, the weekly average value will not be as precise as when the unit has been measuring for more than a week.
At this point it is natural to bring forward the two concepts; measurement accuracy and measurement precision.
Accuracy is related to how well the Corentium measurement value matches the true radon gas concentration. This is verified by placing many Corentium units in a laboratory with a known radon gas concentration to check how well the Corentium results match those of professional high cost reference monitors (which is the proxy for the ‘true’ radon gas concentration in the laboratory). We have performed such measurements in renowned laboratories in Japan and the Czech Republic. The result of these tests shows that the Corentium accuracy is around 5%. This means that the results of such comparison measurements are within +/-5% of the result the reference monitors show. Accuracy is really related to systematic errors, for example due to a wrong calibration or other effects that systematically would produce too high or too low values.
Precision on the other hand is related to the spread of the measurement results. If we would place 100 Corentium units side by side in the same room (i.e. at the same radon gas concentration), how well do the results of the individual Corentium units match each other? Looking back at accuracy, this would be how well the average readings of these 100 units match the true radon gas concentration (or how it matches a professional well calibrated monitor). Since we have indicated that Corentium has 5% accuracy, it means we can assume that the average of the 100 monitors would be no more than 5% away from the true value.
For the Corentium the measurement precision (spread in measurement values for the various Corentium) depends on the radon level itself. The higher the radon gas concentration, the more precise the measurement will be. The precision is also different for the various time averages that are measured. The longer the measurement duration the more precise the result will be. These measurement precisions are illustrated in the tables below.
It is customary to give the measurement results (for radon) with a 20% precision. When a precision is indicated it will for most monitors mean that the measurement will follow a Gaussian distribution. A Gaussian distribution with a 20% standard deviation means that in about 68% of the cases (say you had 100 units) the result of a selected unit (pick one of the 100) will be inside a window of +/-20% of the average in 68% of the cases. If the average measurement of the 100 units were 100 Bq/m3, it means you can expect 68 of them to show a result from 80 to 120 Bq/m3. Further, the Gaussian distribution means that approximately 95% of the measurements will be within two times the standard deviation (i.e. 40%) of the average. This means for a 20% reported precision you can expect 95 of the 100 units to show a value between 60 and 140 Bq/m3 for a true radon concentration in the room of 100 Bq/m3.
The total measurement uncertainty is typically the root mean square of the individual contributions (where individual contributions are Gaussian distributed). If we operate with an accuracy of 5% and a precision of 20%, the fact that the accuracy is much better than the precision will only slightly increase the total uncertainty above the precision:
This means we are dominated by the uncertainty introduced by the lower precision.
In a large comparison study between various suppliers of alpha track detectors performed by NIRS (The Japanese Health Authorities) in 2009 it was found that 16 of the 26 contributors (62%) were within +/-20% of the reference value reported by NIRS. Comparing this result to the earlier discussions about precision, we see that this can be taken to indicate that alpha track detectors typically have a measurement precision of about 20%. This is the reason why our tables below show typical measurement durations and radon gas concentration which will allow the Corentium measurement precision to be 20% or better (than alpha track detectors).
The following tables show the total measurement of uncertainty for a Corentium for different radon gas concentrations and for the various averages (weekly and long term). The table does not present values for radon gas concentrations below 100 Bq/m3, since no countries use an action level below this value.
1- Insert batteries
2- Place the Corentium digital radon monitor correctly
The monitor should be lying flat with the display facing up. The monitor should not be hanging or standing
The monitor should not be exposed to sunlight
The monitor should be placed at least 25 cm away from nearest wall, at least 50 cm above the floor and at least 150 cm from nearest door, window or ventilation inlet/outlet
3- Measure for minimum 7 days in the mostly used rooms
Rooms with ground contact
1. How do I start the Corentium monitor?
The Corentium radon monitor starts automatically when the batteries are inserted. There is no need to press any button to start the monitor.
Leave the monitor untouched for the first few minutes after the batteries are inserted, until you see the measurement indicator starts to blink in the upper right corner on the display.
When you move the monitor to a new room and start a new measurement, press the RESET button. This will erase the stored data.
2. Where should I place the Corentium radon monitor?
The Corentium radon monitor should be placed in the room (basically ground-floor) you want to measure for radon, and in a location that is representative for the air that is breathed.
To get as correct values as possible, you should avoid placing the monitor in or near:
– ventilation or ventilation channels
– heating sources (stoves, fireplaces, heat pumps)
– bathrooms and kitchen (because of the possibility for dust and humidity)
3. How long should I measure with the Corentium digital radon monitor in one room?
Since the radon concentration can vary from one day to another, and from one season to another, the monitor should measure for at least one week (preferably one month) in each room in order to get a representative measurement for that room.
In most countries, the Radiation Protection Authorities suggest that radon should be measured for a minimum of 2 months in each location to find the right long term average. This is because the old alpha track technology requires minimum 2 months measurement to be able to establish a result that can be extrapolated to a one year average – which the national action levels most often relate to.
When you move the monitor to a new room, you should press the RESET button. When you have measured for at least one week in each room, you can place the monitor permanently in the room you mostly reside, or where you registered the highest value.
4. What does ‘LONG TERM AVERAGE’ mean?
’Long Term Average’ is the average radon value for the last year. If the monitor has measured for less than a year, it shows the mean value for the period since the batteries were inserted, or the period since the last time the monitor was restarted by pressing the RESET button.
The long term average value is updated on the display every 24 hours.
5. What does SHORT TERM AVERAGE’ mean?
‘Short Term Average’ shows both the average radon value for the last 24 hours (1 DAY) and for the last week (7 DAYS). The display alternates between showing 1 day and 7 days mean values, with 6 seconds duration.
The monitor calculates and presents a new 1 day average value every hour. 7 days average value is updated once every 24 hours, as with the long term average.
The short term average should primarily be used as an indicator for the radon level.
6. How do I know when the batteries should be replaced?
A battery indicator on the display is shown when it is time to replace the batteries.
7. What happens with the measurements if the batteries are replaced?
If the batteries are removed the measurements stop temporarily – the measurements registered so far will not be erased. The measurements continue when batteries are inserted again.
8. How do I erase the data stored in the monitor?
By pushing the RESET button, all stored data in that measurement period will be erased. The monitor will then start to measure as if it was new. This should be done every time the monitor is moved to a new location or after mitigation measures are completed and you want to initiate a new measurement.
9. How do I know that the monitor actually measures radon?
The measurement indicator in the upper right corner of the display starts blinking 5 minutes after the batteries are inserted.
10. What does it mean when ERR ### is shown on the display?
If the display shows the error message combined with a digit, you should remove the batteries and insert them again. If the problem persists, you should contact your dealer.
If such errors occur, it will most likely be in the startup phase, since the calibration phase is sensitive to vibrations and mechanical disturbance. Leave the monitor untouched for the first few minutes after the batteries are inserted, until you see the measurement indicator blinking in the upper right corner at the display.
11. May I hang radon monitor on the wall?
The monitor comes with a hole at the back for mounting on walls, but we do recommend that the monitor should be placed lying down with the display facing upwards. The reason is that most national Radiation Authorities suggest that radon should be measured more than 30 cm from walls to get a representative value for the indoor air.